Saifur Rahman, FIEEE
IEEE President-Elec 2022
Joseph Loring Professor, Virginia Tech, USA
Professor Saifur Rahman is the founding director of the Advanced Research Institute (www.ari.vt.edu) at Virginia Tech, USA where he is the Joseph R. Loring professor of electrical and computer engineering. He also directs the Center for Energy and the Global Environment . Full Biography
Title: Challenges and Opportunities of Decarbonization in the Global Electric Power Sector
Abstract: China, US, India, Japan, and Russia are the top five countries in terms of electricity generation capacity. Between them they had a total capacity of 3,650 million kW in 2016. In terms of fuel sources for electricity coal, natural gas, hydro, nuclear, renewables and oil provided 38.3%, 22.9%, 16.3%, 10.2%, 9% and 3.3% respectively in 2017. This means almost two-thirds of the global electricity production came from fossil fuels in that year. This is reflected in about 10 billion tons of CO2 from electricity generation or about a third of the global production. However, this mix is expected to change significantly in the next 10 years. By 2030 installed power generation capacities from wind, solar PV, hydro power, nuclear and thermal are going to reach 540 GW, 420 GW, 530 GW, 160 GW and 1200 GW respectively. The top five CO2 emitting countries are: China, United States, India, Russian Federation and Japan. However, CO2 is not the only concern against global warming. The Global Warming Potentials (GWP) of greenhouse gases are as follows: CO2 (1), Methane (28), Hydro fluorocarbons (138), Nitrous oxide (265), Per fluorocarbons (6,630) and Sulphur hexafluoride (23,500). This challenge can be addressed using a portfolio of solutions with low-carbon generation (including renewables & nuclear), storage and demand side management with advanced technology focusing on energy efficiency. But if emission from the transportation sector continues to rise, the drop in power sector contributions will not be enough. Large scale Electric Vehicle deployment will help, but question remains – how the EV will be powered.
President, IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES)
Vice-President, Grid-X Partners, USA
Dr. Jessica Bian is the President of the IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES). She is a visionary leader and architect, has spearheaded electric industry’s reliability metrics and grid risk assessment. Currently she is the Vice President of Grid Services at Grid-X Partners. Full Biography
Title: Grid Resilience and Metrics
Abstract: As resilience becomes a critical factor for ensuring a reliable grid in the face of significant change and increasing risks, this presentation will provide an overview of current state vs. long-term strategy for managing the challenge of measuring resilience and the value it adds to reliability. It will discuss resilience metrics and applying these under differing conditions
IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES) President-Elect 2022
Senior Vice President, LUMA Energy, USA
Dr. Shay Bahramirad is the Senior Vice President of Engineering and Asset Management at LUMA Energy, the power company responsible for transforming electric service in Puerto Rico. In this role, she is responsible for the oversight, planning, and execution of plans to transform the power infrastructure. This includes a foundation of developing local engineering talent, teams and processes, and the prudent application of emerging technologies and standards. Her primary goals are the safe, reliable, resilient, and sustainable delivery of electricity to the people of Puerto Rico. Full Biography
Fellow of IEEE, Royal Society of Canada, Canada Academy of Engineering
University Professor and Hydro One Endowed Chair
University of Waterloo, Canada
Editor-In-Chief for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Professor Claudio Cañizares is the Hydro One Endowed Chair at the Electrical and Computer Engineering (E&CE) Department, and the Executive Director of the Waterloo Institute for Sustainable Energy (WISE) at the University of Waterloo, where he has held various academic and administrative positions since 1993 and has received multiple recognitions, especially the 2021-2022 Awards of Excellence in Graduate Supervision at both the University and Faculty of Engineering levels. Full Biography
Title: Microgrid Overview and Research
Abstract: Microgrids are not new to power systems, since these local and small grids have been widely deployed and utilized for electricity supply in remote and isolated communities such as islands and remote villages throughout the world. However, there is nowadays a rapid development and deployment of microgrids in the context of smart and resilient power networks, in good part motivated by the need to integrate distributed generation, especially if powered by renewable resources such as wind and solar, to reduce operational costs and the environmental impact of these grids, particularly for diesel-depended isolated microgrids.
The presentation will provide a general overview of the research work being carried out by Prof. Canizares’ group at the University of Waterloo on microgrids, including a summary of a survey carried out by the group on remote microgrids in Canada, and a description of the microgrid in one of these communities, namely, the Kasabonika Lake First Nation (KLFN) community microgrid in Northern Ontario, where a one-year measuring campaign was carried out to identify main technical issues associated with these kinds of microgrids. A general description of the group’s main research contributions and findings, with several practical examples will be provided, focusing on microgrid dispatch, control, stability, and optimal planning. In particular, the following subjects will be discussed in some detail: Energy Management Systems (EMS) considering renewable power uncertainty; voltage and frequency control and stability definitions, modeling, simulation, and analysis in microgrids with high penetration of variable renewable power; and optimal placement and sizing of renewable power equipment for minimization of costs and diesel use in remote microgrids, considering secure system operation.
Shu Yuen (Ron) Hui
Fellow of the IEEE, Royal Academy of Engineering, U.K., Australian Academy of Technological Sciences & Engineering, US National Academy of Inventors
MediaTek Endowed Professor, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Dr. Ron Hui Shu Yuen presently, he holds the MediaTek Endowed Professorship at Nanyang. Full Biography
Title: Electric Spring and Smart Load: Technology, System-level Impact and Opportunities
Abstract: Increasing use of wind and solar power of intermittent nature pose new challenges to power system stability, which requires an instantaneous balance of power supply and load demand. Traditional power systems adopt the centralized generation principle with the control paradigm of “power generation (supply) following load demand” and unidirectional power flow from the power stations to the load centers. With increasing capacities of distributed renewable energy generation, control paradigm for centralized power generation is no longer valid for the future power grid. Distributed renewable energy generation in the load centers implies bidirectional power flow in the power networks and renewable power generation has stochastic nature. Therefore, for an emerging power grid, there is a need for a radical change in control paradigm to “load demand following power generation” in order to achieve power balance for system stability.
This presentation addresses recent developments in Electric Spring (ES) technology that has been proposed as fast demand-response technology. Analogous to mechanical spring, electric spring can absorb fluctuations arising from renewable energy generation in order to stablize the voltage and frequency of the power systems. They can offer effective demand response with very fast response time in the order of tens of milliseconds (i.e. almost instantaneous for the power systems at mains frequency of 50Hz or 60Hz). Starting with a brief explanation of ES concept, this presentation describes various types of ES topologies and their variants reported since 2012 for smart grid applications. Recent research of linking large-scale electric vehicle charging infrastructure with electric spring functions will be described. Their implications on the power system level and future developments will be discussed.
Amit K. Gupta
Fellow of IEEE, IET, and IES
Head of Rolls-Royce Electrical at Rolls-Royce Singapore Pte Ltd.
Director of the Electrical Programme at Rolls-Royce@NTU Corporate lab and Rolls-Royce Director for the Electrical Power System Integration Lab @ NTU (EPSIL@N)
Dr. Amit K. Gupta is Head of Rolls-Royce Electrical at Rolls-Royce Singapore Pte Ltd. He is Director of the Electrical Programme at Rolls-Royce@NTU Corporate lab and Rolls-Royce Director for the Electrical Power System Integration Lab @ NTU (EPSIL@N). Full Biography
Title: Electrical Power and Propulsion
Abstract: At Rolls-Royce we are set on leading the transition to net zero by 2050 and a key part of our strategy is developing third generation technologies, and this is where our electrical business comes in. Rolls-Royce Electrical is aiming to become the leading supplier for all-electric and hybrid-electric systems for the Advanced Air Mobility market.
In 2021 alone we have proven our technology through demonstrator programmes such as the Spirit of Innovation, the world fastest all-electric aircraft. We also worked alongside airframer Tecnam and manufacturer Rotax, to complete the flight-testing of a hybrid-electric aircraft and we provided the propulsion system to Airbus for the world’s heaviest Urban Air Mobility demonstrator. These are three demonstrations of incredible technical achievements, but crucially also provided important data and capabilities that we will be applying to products that will be powering aircraft in the near future.
We are now actively working with customers and partners, in the Urban Air Mobility market, our electric propulsion unit has been selected by Vertical Aerospace for their all-electric VX4 aircraft and have also been selected as the propulsion system design partner by EVE, an urban air mobility spin-out from Embraer. In the commuter market, we are working with Wideroe, the Norwegian airline, which will be the launch customer for the P-Volt, an all-electric powered 9-seat fixed wing Tecnam aircraft. We have also announced a partnership with the Hyundai Motor Group as we work together to deliver battery-electric and fuel cell electric solutions to the Urban Air Mobility (UAM) and Regional Air Mobility (RAM) markets.
As the battery technology develops the range, the markets in which these aircraft can operate will open up. This is why we are also developing new turbogenerator technology for the Advanced Air Mobility market. It will be designed for hybrid-electric applications and will have scalable power offerings. As an on-board power source, it will complement the Rolls-Royce electrical propulsion portfolio, enabling extended range on sustainable aviation fuels and later as it comes available through hydrogen combustion. As flight times and aircraft sizes increase, then you start to move into application of more electric engine technology alongside the application of Hydrogen and Sustainable Aviation fuels.
We also recognise that the Urban Air Mobility Market could transform the way some airports could be used, and the infrastructure needed particularly around charging. We are working with the Luxaviation Group, to see how Vertiports could deliver for passengers. This includes applying Rolls-Royce Power Systems developed climate-friendly microgrids.
By advancing the technology including the development of all-electrical and hybrid-electric aviation propulsion systems, we can accelerate the technological breakthroughs that could help deliver net zero carbon by 2050 and transform the way that we travel.
Professor of Smart Grids and Power System
University of Melbourne, Australia
Professor Luis Nando Ochoa is the Professor of Smart Grids and Power Systems at The University of Melbourne, Australia. He is an IEEE PES Distinguished Lecturer, an Editorial Board Member of the IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, and an IEEE Senior Member. Full Biography
Title: The Future of DER Hosting Capacity and Operating Envelopes
Abstract: Distribution companies, who manage the poles and wires, struggle to have accurate and up-to-date electrical models of their residential areas, known as low voltage (LV) networks. And without electrical models, it is hard to assess the hosting capacity for distributed energy resources (DER) such as solar PV or electric vehicles; particularly when voltages are likely to be a major issue. Similarly, the calculation of operating envelopes requires quantifying the voltage effects from different exports or imports.
Taking advantage of historical smart meter data, this talk will demonstrate that is possible to capture the physics of three-phase LV networks and create an electrical model-free approach to calculate voltages which, in turn, allows the calculation of DER Hosting Capacity and Operating Envelopes.
Using Neural Networks, the nonlinear relationships among the historical data (demand and voltages) and the corresponding LV networks can be captured. This approach can make it possible for distribution companies to bypass the time-consuming process of producing LV network models and, instead, carry out accurate, extremely fast voltage calculations for any type of what-if scenarios involving residential solar PV, batteries, electric vehicles, etc.
Deputy CEO, Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS), National University of Singapore (NUS) Cluster Director, Solar Energy Systems
Dr. Thomas Reindl is Deputy CEO of the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS) and Principal Research Fellow at the National University of Singapore (NUS). Full Biography